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Marijuana Grow Room Setup

The marijuana production industry is growing fast, with Maryland and Missouri now joining the ranks of states where recreational marijuana use will become legal in the coming months. In 2021 the cannabis market was valued at over $10 billion, and it’s only going to get larger. With increasing demand for cannabis products for use in medicines, cosmetics, and food and drinks, growers need innovative grow room setups that can keep up. Read on for the best strategies to maximize the use of space in your grow room. 

Vertical marijuana grow room setup is one of the best ways to save space and costs while increasing output and profit. Rather than being limited by the square footage of the grow room, you can maximize the space available for production by literally reaching toward the ceiling. Growers accomplish this by creating tiers of grow spaces stacked on top of one another. 

The process takes careful considerations, though. Cannabis plants are living things, after all, and yield the best output when they are healthy. That’s why a grow room setup that is customized for your space and output goals is the best way to go. 

Here are some things to think about:


An indoor grow room is a closed space, which means that plants quickly run out of the CO2 they need to survive. A vertical grow room allows you to grow more plants in the same square footage, but that also means that they use up the available carbon dioxide more quickly. You need a steady supply of air from outside to refresh the air in the space and keep the plants healthy. 

The air outdoors, where plants prefer to grow, is also rarely still. Winds and breezes blow against the plant stems, giving them the resistance training they need to grow strong. Finally, moisture and heat can become trapped in closed rooms and create the perfect environment for bugs and rot. 

By incorporating fans, air conditioning, and an exhaust system into your grow room design, you can maintain the best air quality for your plants to thrive. With custom grow room shelving, these ventilation tools can be installed above and below each tier, so the air is always flowing the way it should. 


Indoor artificial lighting mimics the sunlight that plants need to survive. However, like the sun, some light sources also put off heat that can burn plants or cause them to wither. If you’re using traditional lamps, excellent ventilation and air conditioning are especially essential. Many growers choose to use LED lighting to minimize the amount of heat; you can choose the spectrum of light put out by your LED lighting, so plants get the sunlight without being baked in the process.

All plants in your grow room should have equal access to whatever lighting source you choose. To avoid shady spots, a vertical grow system installs lighting for each row on the bottom of the row above it. 


Marijuana plants can be grown in soils of varying compositions depending on the plant type and other conditions. The composition of the soil and other environmental factors will affect how much water the plants need. Growers might also use hydroponic systems, where the plans are always suspended in a water supply or fed by an intermittent flow of water. Aeroponics is another option, where the system sprays a mist onto the plant roots to provide them with nutrients. 

Each grow style, and each style of irrigation, comes with unique challenges for the grow room setup. Water must be equally available to all plants according to their growth schedule to keep production high. In a custom designed grow room, irrigation trays can be placed however they are needed, from recesses between support beams and inside shelving, to water pots on top of shelves and many other locations. The sky (or the ceiling) is the limit. 

To learn more about the best setup for your marijuana grow room, contact Systems & Space Inc. today.


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